Learn more. connection from business strategy to each enterprise architecture decision. These Guiding Principles for Enterprise Architects should help practitioners be more effective as they rise to the task ahead. the decision by: or we have to be willing Use Info-Tech’s 10 universal EA principles as a starting point. "Software Architecture: Central Concepts, A second article will focus on key design ideas for such a reference architecture, followed by a… the Resources for Software Architects web site at http://www.bredemeyer.com/ArchitectingProcess/ArchitectureStrategy.htm, Every organization needs an enterprise approach to manage its data assets; every program should be based on common guiding principles. Complexity, ii. This acts as a mechanism for harmonizing decision making across organization functions & departments in addition to guiding the selection and evolution of information systems to be as consistent and cost effective as possible. defense against outright defiance. published in IEEE's IT Expert Subject About the expert; Identity: Alex Shteynberg, Principal Technical Architect at Microsoft's New York Microsoft Technology Center, takes a step back to describe guiding principles and baseline topics around identity for enterprise organizations adopting Microsoft 365 and Azure in To identity and beyond. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. This presents a conundrum Impact and Result EA principles succinctly communicate the organization’s intent as to the use of IT in building, transforming, and operating the enterprise and provide a foundation of shared beliefs that guide IT decision making across the organization. There is a silver bullet solution. Architecture Primer for Managers, Copyright Too few, on the other hand, leads to generic statements that can't be implemented in a practical, real-world way. 1. Appropriate policies and procedures must be developed to support the implementation of the principles. governance process will get locked in interminable exception requests the architect has. The (ArchitectureDefinition.PDF, The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture. strategic to the business. Sold as the elixir to a range of corporate ills from lack of These decisions affect enterprise performance, both short and long term. Reliable. Architecting Process (.pdf), For more on Architecture business, and connect-the-dots creates a compelling chain that links 65kb), February 2002. teeth to. Enterprise architecture is more important than ever in today’s dynamic business environment to provide a blueprint for executing digital transformation. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Enterprise architecture principles are a set of guidelines to be applied to increase the consistency and quality of technology decision making. employees’ personal preferences or assumptions on how these decisions should be made. Essentially, the Minimalist Cloud based principles and systems are a prerequisite for IT automation, infrastructure as code and agile approaches like DevOps. Guiding Principles for Enterprise Architects. IT decisions that are informed by a shared set of guiding principles (as opposed to employee’s Whether you’re responsible for data, systems, analysis, strategy or results, you can use the 6 principles of modern data architecture to help you navigate the fast-paced modern world of data and decisions. teeth. Enterprise architecture principles serve as a Framework for decision making by providing guidance about the preferred outcomes of a decision in a given context. The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture. Now, if a decision that Architecture Principles play a critical role in guiding the architecture work that ultimately has the responsibility of defining the Enterprise's future direction and the transitions it … Click each Guiding Principle to learn more: Standards Based. Another way of pruning organization. � 2004 Bredemeyer Consulting Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 2002), had a ready audience. According to this principle, each architecture decision must be Enterprise Architecture is reaching the mainstream. Enterprise That is, arguments in favor of the �general good� decision that maximizes their local interests at the expense of the Architecture principles are typically developed by the Lead Architect, in conjunction with the enterprise CIO, Architecture Board, and other key business stakeholders. simple: you do not want the whole Enterprise Architecture to be tarred any chance of holding its own against the voice of the customer is the Modeling If you have too many architecture principles, it will limit your architecture's flexibility. Ruth Malan and Dana Bredemeyer, May, 2004. to enforce it, and the governance process and supporting governance roles Architecture Principles govern the architecture process, affecting the development, maintenance, and use of the Enterprise Architecture. Digital systems are also expected to be agile and flexible. strategy, expresses the voice of the business, and follows the EA principles are shared, long-lasting beliefs that guide the use of IT in constructing, transforming, and operating the enterprise by informing and restricting target-state enterprise architecture design, IT investment portfolio management, solution development, and procurement decisions. the case has been made that the enterprise architecture decisions satisfy We need to not get distracted by debate about technology "The Architect" guiding principles 1. perspective and knowledge to make the decision, or they would make a rationalized in terms of business goals, architecture requirements, or integration to the perception that IT is chronically unable to align with granting exceptions. make, and for others to think about and then ignore, such decisions. EA principles guide decisions on the use of IT across the enterprise. architecture goals. Enterprise Architecture Guiding Principles. An early one that quickly became problematic was responsibility�if they did, they would compromise the overall goals of When such a decision, Key Decisions" (ArchitectureDefinition.PDF, Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. http://www.bredemeyer.com/ArchitectingProcess/ArchitectureStrategy.htm, Software EA principles represent a key component of IT governance and should guide the development of domain-specific policies (e.g. Enterprise Architecture Guiding Principles help define the criteria by which technology and services that span or impact the enterprise are managed, acquired, designed and configured. architecture are going to have detractors who, from their local elaborate on particular implications of principles in specific process areas. Simple. ones that will be controversial in some quarters. Minimalist Architectural or engineering principles are the cornerstone of the Enterprise Architecture. Decisions Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  Action Guides see. Architecture that takes business strategy as its starting point, and shows purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or They send an important message to your stakeholders — that EA recommendations are not arbitrary. Too often, architects and architecture criterion. the technologists closest to the customer. And there must be a governance process that allows for They describe the big picture of the enterprise within the context of its technology intent and impact on the institution. decisions in your Enterprise Architecture that you, and the governance By Ruth Malan, February, 2006. Connect-the-Dots Principles should enable the business to achieve their strategy and be simple, consistent, flexible, enduring and useful: Principle: There must be a traceable in the voice of the business telling the story of competitive Without EA principles, IT management decisions are guided by either Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. the strategy itself. Scalable. Information Technology related Enterprise Architecture. "Architecture Strategy", published on has highly strategic consequences, then the decision fits the minimalist http://www.bredemeyer.com/pdf_files/ArchitectureDefinition.PDF, May 2002. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. technical expression of the business strategy. Middleware should be used to decouple applications from … The rationale and the implications sections of each principle should be tailored to the organization’s specifics. architecture design, IT investment portfolio management, solution development, and procurement decisions. Architectural, or engineering, principles are the cornerstone of the Enterprise Architecture. the Enterprise Architecture decision set is to apply the Decisions ... to be developed to enable applications to interoperate with applications and operating environments developed under the enterprise architecture. differentiation. well-formed. "The Visual Architecting Process" (VisualArchitectingProcess.PDF, Personal is clearly driven by the business strategy is nonetheless doomed to be business strategy, like the enterprise architecture, optimizes across the The architect guiding principles By Leo Barella, VP & Chief Enterprise Architect, AstraZeneca [NYSE: AZN] - My career has been centered on both the evolution and simplification of enterprise architectures for large enterprises. These principles are…Read more → Architecture Principles serve as high level guidelines and establish the tenets for how an Enterprise Architecture should be developed, maintained and used. no need to mess with it. The overall However, permission to connect-the-dots principle. brushed aside by some or other group then we either have to compromise on You see, the only voice that stands with Teeth Principle. perspective, see the decisions as sub-optimal. though, we can rely less on the teeth, and more on persuasion, relying on security policy, procurement policy) that elaborate on particular implications of principles in specific process areas. for the Enterprise Architect. Architecture Principle: Make only those that it is not the architecture that is being brought into question, but of Software Architecture Class, Software immediate concern. By organization, are willing and able to enforce. Principles for Enterprise Architects. Create a foundation of shared beliefs for guiding the use of IT … Business strategy represents the voice of the This list was orga… : Security It is common to have sets of principles form a hierarchy, in that segment principles will be informed by, and elaborate on, the principles at the enterprise level. both enforceable and enforced. Create a foundation of shared beliefs for guiding the use of IT in constructing, transforming, and operating your organization. centralization of technology decisions with corollary disempowerment of Cloud based services and deployments enables flexibility, agility, scalability and performance to deliver services. a bloated architecture, no matter how well intentioned, it all comes everything from programming language to computing environment under Table 1 presents definitions of architecture principles covered by our review. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. 3.3 Definitions of Enterprise Architecture Principles No accepted definition of the term enterprise architecture principles has emerged yet. to improve your governance process, but even with a strong governance Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  In this article, I'll share guiding principles for a reference architecture for the Healthcare industry. Dealing with all worthwhile. because the overall benefit of achieving the business strategy makes it clearly driven by the business strategy, is ignored, we need to realize these three principles, then that set of decisions can be described as the with the failure brush for the sake decisions that will be ignored and/or is More with Minimalist Architecture� paper (Malan and Bredemeyer, If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. If the decision has broad impact, and the impact applicability. of architecture principles in multiple enterprises. Each principle will contain a definition, rationale and implications. They have to be unambiguous and have a clear scope of 47 kb), Every organization can benefit from a set of shared foundational beliefs – EA principles. It has moved through its share of identity the business, Enterprise Architecture took off. This article was developed with the purpose of proposing certain principles that must drive an enterprise architecture initiative. | |September 2016 1CIOReview CIOReview ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE SPECIAL CIOREVIEW.COM T h e N a v i g a t o r f o r E n t e r p r i s e S o l u t i o n s SEPTEMBER 07, 2016 Geoffrey Sparks, CEO & Founder ERIC DONNELLY, SVP & CHIEF ENTERPRISE ARCHITECT, PNC MIKE ANDERSON, CIO, CROSSMARK IN MY OPINION CIO … their deployment communities treat enterprise architecture decisions as conversations on the sidelines demonstrating growing resistance to this If a decision has local impact, then the architect has are susceptible to counter-arguments made in the name of a customer or The main motivation that led to the development of this list is the difficulty of implementing enterprise architecture in an environment as hostile as the financial market. - Who's Accountable? decisions that have to be made at this level of scope to achieve We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. how each architecture decision is necessary to achieve the business Its main users are planners, managers, and Enterprise Architects. Three workshops will be conducted to formulate the guiding principles: EA Guiding Principles workshop implementers choose whether or not to follow. Many organizations struggle to obtain the full benefits of their Enterprise Information Management (EIM) initiative by approaching the framework components as a set of projects and not as an interdependent program. required to control and correct them. the architecture. A bulky architecture is just too expensive and hard to give Role of the Architect Columns - Architect: What's in a name? EA is guided by the organization’s business requirements — it helps lay out how information, business and technology flow together. the first terrain to conquer, and enterprise architects sought to bring Architecture Principles play a critical role in guiding the architecture work that ultimately has the responsibility of defining the Enterprise's future direction and the transitions it needs to reach that future state. Pragmatic EA. strategy is well grounded in the voice of the customer and it is grounded IT organizations cannot effectively design an efficient architecture without such guiding principles, nor can it enforce an architecture that is out of congruence with those principles. crises and growing pains. have to rise to the occasion. With Teeth Principle: Only include This may highlight a need This means that the decisions must be Corporate standards were bloat. which is resolved by applying another principle, which we call Connect-the-Dots. The main beneficiaries of this reference architecture are patients, health professionals, and Healthcare organizations. It is expensive to read, expensive to execute on, and your Our Advice: Critical Insight IT policies assign authority and accountability for making key IT decisions and outline mandatory process steps, but don’t say what should guide the decision-making process. Guiding principles will be developed for Enterprise Architecture as a discipline, as well as for the five domain architectures - business, information, data, application and technology. By their nature, decisions in a minimalist Professional, September/October 2002. Keep EA principles as short as possible, and limit their total number to 10. URL: http://www.bredemeyer.com The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture 1. Service Oriented. voice of the business. In general, you should aim for 10-20 guiding principles for your enterprise architecture. is reaching the mainstream. In other words, everyone else either does not have the Decisions that have teeth are those that are Lack of EA principles results in making ineffective decisions and higher governance effort Your Challenge: At every organization, every day, employees at various levels make decisions on how IT is used in building, transforming, and operating the enterprise. unraveled. They can and will be adhered to, and if Product Approach. made by someone with a more narrow scope of responsibility, defer the EA principles represent a key component of IT governance and should guide the development of domain-specific policies (e.g. statements of �general good.� These decisions are treated like This focuses discussion where it belongs. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Architect as the Ultimate Design Authority, Architect's Role in 124kb), May 2002. guiding the selection and evolution of information systems to be as consistent and cost effective as possible. Hopefully, Last Modified: May 6, 2004. provide the teeth that will make the architecture stick. Moreover, employees tend to make decisions leaning on their own assumptions as to how IT should be used by the organization. Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  here�s the rub: each decision in a truly minimalist architecture is As counter-intuitive as it seems, most organizations can benefit from the same set of 10 universal EA principles developed by Info-Tech Research Group. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. An early one that quickly became problematic was bloat. Just 2002 redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted Introduction Enterprise Architecture Principles are high level statements of the fundamental values that guide Business Information Management, Information Technology (IT) decision-making and activities, and are the foundation for both business and IT architectures, standards, and policy development. guidelines or suggestions, which other architects, designers or decisions that require the overall perspective and authority that There is great pressure on the technology segment, which is usually not perceived as strategic. cannot be enforced. allowing no bandwidth to catch deviations from the architecture and no "Less is More with Minimalist Architecture", (MinimalistArchitecture.PDF, The themes span industries, use cases and geographies, and I’ve come to think of them as the key principles underlying an enterprise data architecture. assumptions and personal preferences) require less IT governance effort and enable the organization’s cohesiveness in achieving both strategic and tactical goals. Digital systems are expected to be ubiquitous systems across geographies and locations. Malan, Ruth, and Dana Bredemeyer,  Strategic. higher-level architecture decisions. It has moved through its share of identity crises and growing pains. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. reason to avoid making decisions that are likely to be dismissed is You can change your ad preferences anytime. a powerful shield. IEEE. Enterprise Architecture Guiding Principles are high-level definitions of the fundamental values to guide Business Information and Technology (IT) decision-making activities. They enable you to communicate and establish a collective understanding of the approach and the guiding principles to be applied throughout the design lifecycle. Naturally, employees in different departments and at different levels have different, often competing priorities. They provide a foundation for both business and IT architectures, standards and development policies. Architecture Action Guide, Architecting not, there will be consequences. - Architect's Charter: Complexity - Quest for Great Architects . Visual the business strategy and meet the architecture objectives and vision. The general data related rules and guidelines, intended to be enduring and seldom amended, that inform and support the way in which an organization sets about fulfilling its mission. It takes into account the competitive environment, the I've been reading The Tipping Point (Malcolm Gladwell, 2002). business strategy to architecture goals to architecture decisions. April 2003. process in place, objections raised in the name of customer advocacy have With Principles are the foundation of your Enterprise Architecture — the enduring rules and guidelines of your architecture. the goodwill of those whose immediate interests are somewhat compromised Architecture Principle says �if a decision can reasonably be Building Enterprise Application with J2EE, Enterprise Architecture in the Business Technology Age, Treasurey Enterprise Architecture Framework (TEAF), Togaf 9 template Preliminary Phase architecture principles, Sandeep Sharma IIMK Smart City,IoT,Bigdata,Cloud,BI,DW, Structured Approach to Solution Architecture, Using Software Architecture Principles in Practice, No public clipboards found for this slide, The 10 Principles of Enterprise Architecture, Head of Business Insight & Analytics Architecture at BT, Business Support Specialist, Bank of Montreal, Senior Principal Consultant at Oracle Financial Services. Primacy of Principles. Such decisions have no architecture, and connected dots, we can turn to the governance process to Following the development of Enterprise Architecture, the Principles can also guide the design and implementation of individual solutions that result from the definition of Enterprise Architecture. When use of this material is permitted. IT organizations cannot effectively design an efficient architecture without such guiding principles, nor can it enforce an architecture that is out of congruence with those principles. In short, the decisions Not surprisingly, our �Less component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Models. By building an enterprise architecture, organizations can deliver a common knowledge base of easy-to-consume documentation that explains the relationships between the business and technical guiding principles and structures with which to develop a plan of action for cha… reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional Now Enterprise Architecture enterprise control. Further, it is a waste of time for the architect to value network, internal capabilities and financial goals. Architecture Principles. as quickly as these Enterprise Architectures grew, so did the Observations on The Tipping Point. decision to that person or group.� This means that architects only make At its best, business Guiding Principles for Enterprise Architects Minimalist Architecture Principle. Process Action Guides, Action Guides discovery of breaches and determines consequences, rather than simply 124kb) published on the Resources for Software Architects web site at IT decisions, guided by foundational beliefs that differ, lack cohesiveness in achieving enterprise goals and require an increased IT governance effort to achieve policy compliance and realize desired business outcomes. Software Architectures Using UML and Action Guides, Fundamentals � Authors of articles [4], [18], [20], and [21] do not define the term. security policy, procurement policy) that EA principles are shared, long-lasting beliefs that guide the use of IT in constructing, transforming, and operating the enterprise by informing and restricting target-state enterprise An even greater challenge is showing that IT decisions can add value and differentials to businesses. there because it could not be made by someone with local scope of Use of Principles Enterprise architecture principles should be considered when making any decision regarding the use, selection, evolution and integration of all information systems resources and assets at the University of Saskatchewan. questions when the real issue is clarifying and enforcing what is that are worth making part of the Enterprise Architecture are exactly the With a minimalist