The name live oak comes from the fact that evergreen oaks remain green and "live" throughout winter, when other oaks are dormant and leafless. The live oak has oblong or oval leaves that may be as long as 5 inches. It grows to about 80 feet tall as well but can grow as wide as 100 feet. Two popular specimens are the live oak (Quercus virginiana) and the water oak (Quercus nigra). 8001 Shin Oak, Live Oak, Texas 78233 Utility Billing | 8022 Shin Oak, Live Oak, Texas 78233 Municipal Court 8001 Shin Oak, Live Oak, Texas 78233 Development Services. The live oak has oblong or oval leaves that may be as long as 5 inches. Sarah Moore has been a writer, editor and blogger since 2006. Laurel oaks, Quercus laurifolia, are fast growing, short-lived trees. Although the live oak grows in the Southeastern United States and Mexico, the water oak is not suitable for climates farther south than its native Southeastern United States. Distinguishing Laurel and Live Oaks Trees of the same age. One of the adaptive mechanisms of Pin Oak is a fibrous, shallow root system which allows it to tolerate flooded soil conditions. Missouri Botanical Garden: Quercus Virginiana. The live oak has a much wider-spreading growth habit. This broad shape gives the live oak its formidable reputation as a landscape shade tree. Acorns grow in groups of one to five, turn a very dark color when ripe and are valued for attracting wildlife. Laurel oak leaves usually are longer and thinner than live oaks and have distinctive raised veins. including water oak are relatively short-lived. Oak is pretty tough to begin with, but live oak wood is especially hard. The live oak is also evergreen and keeps its leaves until they grow old and drop off the tree, while the water oak usually loses its leaves in the fall. Since the grain doesn’t run straight, wedges don’t work so well. Water oak acorns are smaller, only about a half inch across. Clusters of three to five acorns are found on long stalks attached to twigs. Since red and white oaks are only found in North America, the main ways to tell the differences between the two are by examining the leaves, acorns and bark. The U.S.S. However, they also have a number of differences. A live oak is an oak tree with evergreen characteristics, retaining its foliage year-round rather than dropping its leaves in the fall. Willow Oak (Q. phellos) – The willow oak has thin, straight leaves similar to those of a willow tree. The water oak has a classic oak leaf shape, with leaves 2 to 4 inches long with three lobes at the tips. Please call our office during business hours at 210-653-9140 x 2110 to restore water services after payment has been made online. This broad shape gives the live oak its formidable reputation as a landscape shade tree. Read the article below for more water oak information. Healthy laurel oaks live from 50 to 150 years, but live oaks live more than 150 years. Water oaks are native to North America and found across the American South. The leaves of the Live Oak have smooth edges that are sometimes toothed and are a lustrous green on top and pale green with very fine fuzz on the underside. These simple leaves are narrow to elliptical in shape and 5-12 cm long and approximately 2.5-5 cm broad. 10 Water Loving Plants. Their caps are woolly rather than scaly. All Rights Reserved. away from a diseased tree. Southern Live Oaks. Live oak (Quercus virginiana) is also known as Southern live oak and is the state tree of Georgia. However, they also have a number of differences. Types of Maple Trees. The live oak is also evergreen and keeps its leaves until they grow old and drop off the tree, while the water oak usually loses its leaves in the fall. Why wont Grass Grow Under My Trees. Native to the American Southeast and Midwest, Nuttall oak (Quercus nutallii) is quickly replacing some other oaks, such as pin oak (Q. palustris), red oak (Q. rubra), and Shumard red oak (Q. shumardii), because it combines all of their good points while lacking their weaknesses.It quickly grows into a pyramidal tree 40 to 60 feet tall with a strong central leader. The live oak has a much wider-spreading growth habit. With their sweeping branches and glossy, thickly growing leaves, oak trees are a staple of many lawns. Live oaks grow upwards of eighty (80) feet tall but can grow as wide as one-hundred (100) feet wide, earning it a reputation as a formidable landscape shade tree. Caps are scaly and often remain on the tree after the acorn falls out. Some can only be distinguished by looking at the \"hairs\" on their stems, or the color of their acorn caps, or the number and shape of lobes on their leaves. Oak, Live Common Name: Live Oak Quercus virginiana Tree Size: Large Leaf Type: Evergreen Comments: The Escarpment Live Oak is a closely related native species more suited to … Two popular specimens are the live oak (Quercus virginiana) and the water oak (Quercus nigra). Because they tend to require less water and are heat-tolerant, shade-tolerant native plants and shrubs are often the best additions to a landscape with a live oak. But did you know there are more than 60 different species of oak trees in the United States alone? Live Oak Tree, Scientific Name: Quercus virginiana. Notice the differences in the shapes and densities of the canopies. The live oak, Quercus virginiana, is considered the “Cadillac” of oak trees and most trees in general. However, red oak trees mainly exist in the western states alongside the blue oak, California black oak, canyon live oak, interior live oak, Silverleaf oak, Engelmann oak and Emory oak. In that case, leaves will drop only once, when they are old and dead. Live oak grows from 40 to 80 feet tall, spreading from 60 to 100 feet wide in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. In addition, live oak roots and leaves produce a chemical which prevents plant growth nearby, thanks to an adaptation called allelopathy. The water oak has a classic oak leaf shape, with leaves 2 to 4 inches long with three lobes at the tips. Fastest Growing Trees. In that case, leaves will drop only once, when they are old and dead. Caps are scaly and often remain on the tree after the acorn falls out. Live oak acorns are an elliptical shape about an inch long, with about a third of that length taken up by the acorn caps. Pin Oak grows well in areas where water stands for several weeks at a time. The live oak has oblong or oval leaves that may be as long as 5 inches. The water oak has a classic oak leaf shape, with leaves 2 to 4 inches long with three lobes at the tips. These are the live oak, laurel oak, and water oak. water oak: streambanks and lowlands: Quercus pagoda cherrybark oak: moist slopes and bottomlands: Quercus palustris pin oak: wetlands: Quercus phellos willow oak: streambanks and poorly drained soils: Quercus rubra northern red oak: wide variety of habitats: Quercus shumardii Shumard's oak: streambanks and bottoms The live oak needs the warmer climes of USDA zones 8 through 10. If you’ve ever tried ammonia fuming of white oak, live oak … They live longer (more than 100 years) and are not so prone to trunk rot as water oaks. They are not pin oak, since there is a distinct species that is pin oak, Quercus palustris, that has lobed deeply cut leaves. These oaks are not more closely related to each other than they are to other oaks. Over 300 species of oaks worldwide are divided into two groups: the white oaks and the red (or sometimes black) oaks. Because it is taller than it is wide -- growing to 80 feet in height but a maximum 60 feet in width -- the water oak grows in a conical form and has a rounded crown at the top. The two oaks have different shapes. The water oak's U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone range is between 6 and 9. © 2014-2020 T & C Tree Farm. With all these choices, it's easy to find an oak that can work well in your landscape. She holds a master's degree in journalism. Because it is taller than it is wide — growing to 80 feet in height but a maximum 60 feet in width — the water oak grows in a conical form and has a rounded crown at the top. Laurel oak on the left, live oak on the right. It is water tolerant and is native to stream banks and flood plains. Live Oaks will retain leaves until after the next year’s foliage has appeared, making it a true evergreen. The major disease threat to live and red oak trees in our area is oak wilt. Constitution earned the nickname “Old Ironsides” because cannon balls bounced off its live oak sides. What is confusing about water oak and "pin oak" in the South is that locally in many places, willow oak and laurel oak are called "pin oak." These oaks have moderate growth rates: faster than a live oak but not as fast as a water oak. Laurel oak tree (Quercus laurifolia) is a member of the red oak group that grows from 40 to 60 feet tall and the same in width with a round crown. In that case, leaves will drop only once, when they are old and dead. In warmer climates, however (usually USDA zones 8 and 9), the water oak may act evergreen like the live oak. Although the live oak grows in the Southeastern United States and Mexico, the water oak is not suitable for climates farther south than its native Southeastern United States. Try growing water oak trees as street plants or primary shade trees, but be aware that these plants are short lived and can be assumed to survive 30 to 50 years. are a staple in the natural American landscape, from wet areas to dry, high altitudes to low-level plains. With their sweeping branches and glossy, thickly growing leaves, oak trees are a staple of many lawns. Stately live oaks are the most recognizable Southern oak, but they represent just one of many species native to Florida. The water oak’s U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone range is between 6 and 9. Types of magnolia trees. Oaks (Quercus spp.) Water oaks, on the other hand, tend to grow in a conical form being much taller than it is wide. The disease is expressed in red oaks (Texas, Schumard, Blackjack) by a healthy tree showing fall-like coloring in late spring or early fall and dying. In warmer climates, however (usually USDA zones 8 and 9), the water oak may act evergreen like the live oak. White oaks over 300 years old are not unusual and live oaks over 500 years old have been documented. Live oak is a general term that refers to oak trees that keep their leaves year … The two oaks have different shapes. The live oak and water oak grow in different environments. Most people know what an oak tree is, and can probably even identify at least one type of oak tree when they see it. Live oak acorns are an elliptical shape about an inch long, with about a third of that length taken up by the acorn caps. These medium sized trees are ornamental shade trees and have an ease of care that makes them perfect in the landscape. The live oak is also evergreen and keeps its leaves until they grow old and drop off the tree, while the water oak usually loses its leaves in the fall. Types of … The nineteen species of oaks native to Florida include many of our most common and attractive trees, like Shumard and live oaks. 12 great live Christmas trees for the landscape. Types of Oak Trees. However, the waviness of the grain translates to the surface which ends up looking like an animal pelt. The live oak and water oak grow in different environments. It reaches a height of 50 to 60 feet, a canopy spread of 80 to 100 feet or more and can have diameters up to five to six feet or more. These two trees have many similarities: both can grow to about 80 feet, both tolerate wet soil conditions and both are used as street trees. These two trees have many similarities: both can grow to about 80 feet, both tolerate wet soil conditions and both are used as street trees. Unlike live oaks, which live well into their hundreds, water oaks usually live only 70-80 years, according to Danny Burbage, Charleston’s assistant director of parks. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window). Water oak acorns are smaller, only about a half inch across. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There are only two oak species native to South Florida, and while they may look similar to most people, there are some major differences between them. Building Projects. Leaves Live oaks have evergreen leaves that are oblong and up to 5” long. Their caps are woolly rather than scaly. The live oak needs the warmer climes of USDA zones 8 through 10. Acorns grow in groups of one to five, turn a very dark color when ripe and are valued for attracting wildlife. Laurel vs. Live Oak. The two species are Live oaks and Laurel oaks (sometimes called Water oaks.) Live oak grows with a sort of ropey/twisted grain. Live oak or evergreen oak is any of a number of oaks in several different sections of the genus Quercus that share the characteristic of evergreen foliage. The mature tree features a round, symmetrical and spreading crown. Such situations can lead to rapid expansion of oak wilt centers if even one tree in the group becomes infected. Many types of oak can also cross with other types, so there is great pot… It … Laurel oaks usually maintain upright growth. How to Grow Plants Using the Color Spectrum of Light. It grows to about 80 feet tall as well but can grow as wide as 100 feet. In warmer climates, however (usually USDA zones 8 and 9), the water oak may act evergreen like the live oak. Some oak species, including northern pin oak and Texas live oak, often grow in large groups of similar-aged trees that share a common or clonal root system. Water oak ( Q. nigra ), laurel oak ( Q. laurifolia ), shingle oak ( Q. imbricaria ), and live oak ( see live oak) are other willow oaks planted as ornamentals in the southern U.S. Water oak, also known as possum oak and spotted oak, is a bottomland species of the southeastern U… Other common names for this tree are Virginia oak, Southern live oak, Sand live oak, Scrub live oak, and Texas live oak. 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