1-8-1992;122(1-2):11-13. There are only a few manufacturers around the world who do this. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Although germanium was used for this purpose in the past, other elements are now replacing it in most electronic devices. Germanium is used in the manufacture of wide-angle camera lenses. Germane, Germanium hydride, Germanomethane, Monogermane [Note: Used chiefly for the production of high purity germanium for use in semiconductors.] Did you know that there's an element that helps you see in the dark? Pure germanium is a semiconductor with an appearance similar to elemental silicon. Germanium is a rare, silver-colored semiconductor metal that is used in infrared technology, fiber optic cables, and solar cells. Nephrotoxicity of germanium compounds: report of a case and review of the literature. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. View abstract. Anyone can earn The largest use of germanium is in the semiconductor industry. Germanium really took off with the development of the transistor, a solid state version of the triode valve. Tao SH, Bolger, PM. USES for GERMANIUM DIODES . View abstract. It did not become economically significant until after 1945, when its properties as … 2004;73(6):397-401. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Some germanium compounds are useful because they are toxic to bacteria but are harmless for mammals. 2002;64(8):719-721. Chest 2000;117:591-3.. View abstract. Germanium intoxication with sensory ataxia. Fukuoka Igaku Zasshi 1992;83(3):139-143. View abstract. Aso, H., Suzuki, F., Yamaguchi, T., Hayashi, Y., Ebina, T., and Ishida, N. Induction of interferon and activation of NK cells and macrophages in mice by oral administration of Ge-132, an organic germanium compound. Germanium can remove the heat which can possibly make the fibers fragile. It is used in rewritable DVDs. Germanium is also used … Dis.Colon Rectum 1990;33(2):99-104. Goodman S. Therapeutic effects of organic germanium. Yang MK, Kim YG. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol 1997;25:211-9. Mutat Res 1997;387:141-6.. View abstract. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue.Bao. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Budman DR, Schulman P, Vinciguerra V, Degnan TJ. Some manufacturers have been adding just a little bit of germanium to silver to prevent that from happening. One of the most common uses for germanium used to be in making electronic devices, such as televisions and radios. Matsusaka T, Fujii M, Nakano T, et al. The inorganic mineral is basically used in the electronics sector as a semiconductor of electricity. Luck, B. E., Mann, H., Melzer, H., Dunemann, L., and Begerow, J. Renal and other organ failure caused by germanium intoxication. Rinsho Shinkeigaku 1991;31(2):191-196. Despite serious safety concerns, germanium is used for heart and blood vessel conditions, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and heart disease; for eye conditions, including glaucoma and cataracts; and for liver conditions, including hepatitis and cirrhosis.. Woolley, P. V., Ahlgren, J. D., Byrne, P. J., Priego, V. M., and Schein, P. S. A Phase I trial of spirogermanium administered on a continuous infusion schedule. Read on to find out how we use this very helpful element. Mainwaring MG, Poor C, Zander DS, Harman E. Complete remission of pulmonary spindle cell carcinoma after treatment with oral germanium sesquioxide. J Neurol Sci 1995;130:220-3.. View abstract. Since 1948, inorganic forms of industrial-grade germanium have been used commercially in the semiconductor electronics industry. 2003;38(6):525-532. Germanium is a chemical element. Nagata, N., Yoneyama, T., Yanagida, K., Ushio, K., Yanagihara, S., Matsubara, O., and Eishi, Y. Accumulation of germanium in the tissues of a long-term user of germanium preparation died of acute renal failure. Phase I clinical trial of spirogermanium. 1983;21(4):167-171. Germanium catalysts are used primarily in the production of plastics. THE MARK OF UALITY . Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. It is also used in infrared spectroscopes and infrared detectors. View abstract. Biol Trace Elem Res 2000;77:193-7.. View abstract. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. Nephron 1992;62:351-6.. View abstract. 1999;14(10):2464-2468. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Germanium is the substrate of the wafers for high-efficiency multijunction photovoltaic cells for space applications. Germanium is used to make nanowires, which is one of its most recent usages. Cancer Treat Rep 1982;66:173-5.. View abstract. View abstract. In human biology germanium is highly efficient as an intracellular electrical impulse initiator. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Some people use germanium for osteoarthritis, … Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product? Yanagisawa H, Yamazaki N, Sato G, Wada O. L-Arginine treatment may prevent tubulointerstitial nephropathy caused by germanium dioxide. Germanium silica known as GeSbTe is also used for other optical applications like rewritable DVD material. Individual electrical component speed adds up as an aggregate, and, therefore, a germanium transistor array can significantly increase the processing speed of a circuit. Clin Nephrol 1988;30:341-5.. View abstract. Our research clients use Ge Substrates for many purposes. Germanium has no known moderate interactions with other drugs. Airport Ramp Agent: Salary, Duties and Requirements, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek. Kumano, N., Ishikawa, T., Koinumaru, S., Kikumoto, T., Suzuki, S., Nakai, Y., and Konno, K. Antitumor effect of the organogermanium compound Ge-132 on the Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL) in C57BL/6 (B6) mice. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Both monocrystalline Germanium and polycrystalline Germanium can be used for the manufacturing of optical components; at Global Optics we tend to specialise in monocrystalline Germanium. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. View abstract. Germanium is used in making optical fibers and solar cells. Germanium Lesson for Kids: Discovery, Name & Facts, Germanium Common Uses: Quiz & Worksheet for Kids, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What is Carbon? Furosemide (Lasix) interacts with GERMANIUM. Fujimoto, M., Ishibashi, H., Shimamura, R., Takahashi, K., Hirata, Y., Kudo, J., Niho, Y., Kira, J., and Miyata, K. [A patient with liver cirrhosis manifesting various symptoms including cerebellar ataxia due to germanium intoxication]. Kamijo, M., Yagihashi, S., Kida, K., Narita, S., and Nakata, F. [An autopsy case of chronic germanium intoxication presenting peripheral neuropathy, spinal ataxia, and chronic renal failure]. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. 1996;17(5):415-418. Wada T, Hanyu T, Nozaki K, et al. Germanium is a trace element discovered by Clemens Alexander Winkler in 1886. Germanium, along with Silicon and Zinc Selenide (ZnSe) is all used in pyrometric applications. People use it as medicine. Today, most of the germanium that's used in manufacturing is used to make these high-quality lenses. 1991;30(1):67-72. A p–n junction diode is made of a crystal of semiconductor, usually silicon, but germanium and gallium arsenide are also used. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Nephron 1992;60:436-42.. View abstract. This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Hazard assessment of germanium supplements. The compound is known to have toxic effects on some bacteria. Germanium was useful for this purpose because it's a semi-conductor, which means that it lets electricity pass through it more than some elements, but not as much as most metals. Mild interactions of germanium include: furosemide; This document does not contain all possible interactions. Phase II study of spirogermanium in advanced ovarian malignancy. Some people take germanium like a vitamin pill because they think that it'll help them be healthier, but doctors don't recommend that because taking too much of it can cause many health problems. Raisin, J., Hess, B., Blatter, M., Zimmermann, A., Descoeudres, C., Horber, F. F., and Jaeger, P. [Toxicity of an organic Germanium compound: deleterious consequences of a "natural remedy"]. The appropriate dose of germanium depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. - Facts & History Lesson for Kids, Carbon Uses in Everyday Life: Lesson for Kids, Lead Lesson for Kids: Element Discovery & Properties, What is the Element Tin Used For? The catalyst does not undergo any chemical change during the reaction. View abstract. People use it as medicine. Early research suggests that taking a specific product (Serocion, Yamanouchi, Japan) containing propagermanium by mouth for 16 weeks reduces the amount of active hepatitis virus in people with hepatitis B. Asaka T, Nitta E, Makifuchi T, et al. A phase II study of spirogermanium in advanced human malignancy. Hirayama, C., Suzuki, H., Ito, M., Okumura, M., and Oda, T. Propagermanium: a nonspecific immune modulator for chronic hepatitis B. J Gastroenterol. View abstract. Schein PS, Slavik M, Smythe T, et al. Since 1948, inorganic forms of industrial-grade germanium have been used commercially in the semiconductor electronics industry. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty . Accessed Jan. 7, 2019. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? Various organic compounds of germanium have diverse applications, such as tetraethyl germane is widely used in the study of organometallic chemistry. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? This latest booklet brings together the largest published collection to date of mis- cellaneous crvstal diode applications. 6-22-1991;135(25):1134-1137. Colorless gas with a pungent odor. Germanium substrates form one layer in multilayer systems that also use gallium, indium phosphide, and gallium arsenide. JAMA 1996;276:606-7. Some people use germanium for osteoarthritis, … Germanium is a chemical element that is grown using the Czochralski technique. 1985;146(1):97-104. The inorganic mineral is basically used in the electronics sector as a semiconductor of electricity. View abstract. 40 USES FOR GERMANIUM DIODES INC. SYLVANIA ELECTRIC ELECTRONICS 1740 BROADWAY PRODUCTS DIVISION NEW YORK 19, FIRST EDITION First Printing Printed in U.S.A. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page List of Illustrations F oreword CHAPTER 1 Germanium transistors were very common, but now have been replaced by silicon. Tohoku J Exp.Med. View abstract. It's also transparent to infrared radiation, so germanium can be used on the lenses of night-vision goggles to help us see in the dark. This means that if light goes through a lens coated with germanium, the light will pass almost straight through without being bent. People use it as medicine. Quiz & Worksheet - What Are Bronchial Tubes? Toxicology 1999;132:147-53.. View abstract. So germanium actually helps you see in the dark! The element gives special properties to the glass. Pronai, L. and Arimori, S. Protective effect of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide (Ge-132) on superoxide generation by 60Co-irradiated leukocytes. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? Uncontrolled Blood Sugar: How Dangerous Is It? Ettinger DS, Finkelstein DM, Donehower RC, et al. It is commonly used, together with silicon, in high speed integrated circuits for improved performance. Atomic number 32, Bis-Carboxyethyl Germanium Sesquioxide, Carboxyethylgermanium Sesquioxide, Ge, Ge-132, Ge-Oxy 132, Germanio, Germanium-132, Germanium Inorganique, Germanium Lactate Citrate, Germanium Sesquioxide, Inorganic Germanium, Numéro Atomique 32, Organic Germanium, Propagermanium, Sesquioxyde de Germanium, Spirogermanium. View abstract. Alloys No To Shinkei 1990;42(9):851-856. Ned.Tijdschr.Geneeskd. Germanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ge and atomic number 32. Germanium is used as a semiconductor material. It is also used in infrared spectroscopes and infrared detectors. Kaplan, B. J., Parish, W. W., Andrus, G. M., Simpson, J. S., and Field, C. J. Germane facts about germanium sesquioxide: I. Chemistry and anticancer properties. Another useful property of germanium is that it has a high index of refraction. Kleinrok, Z., Lekim, D., and Jagiello-Wojtowicz, E. Central action of sanumgerman administered orally in mice. Tsutsumi, Y., Tanaka, J., Kanamori, H., Musashi, M., Minami, H., Fukushima, A., Yamato, H., Ehira, N., Kawamura, T., Obara, S., Ogura, N., Asaka, M., Imamura, M., and Masauzi, N. Effectiveness of propagermanium treatment in multiple myeloma patients. Germanium is an element that is a semi-conductor, which makes it useful for making electronic devices. View abstract. Peng X, Lingxia Z, Schrauzer GN, Xiong G. Selenium, boron, and germanium deficiency in the etiology of Kashin-Beck disease. Kuwabara, M., Ohba, S., and Yukawa, M. Effect of germanium, poly-trans-[2-carboxyethyl] germasesquioxane on natural killer (NK) activity in dogs. Germanium myopathy: clinical and experimental pathological studies. Vitamins and Supplements to Avoid with Hepatitis C. Quiz: What Do You Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency? Hess B, Raisin J, Zimmermann A, et al. Germanium is also used in airport scanners, as it can often detect radiation. In United States, the use of germanium in fiber optical industries has reached 60% from the overall germanium uses annually. Kinetics of germanium dioxide in rats. Mrema, J. E., Slavik, M., and Davis, J. Spirogermanium: a new drug with antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. Germanium is used in transistors and in integrated circuits. J Vet.Med.Sci. Did you know… We have over 220 college Germanium is also an effective alloying agent – for example, using 1 percent germanium in silver stops tarnishing. - Definition, Examples & Facts, Geography of the Northeastern United States, Informational Listening: Definition & Skills, Quiz & Worksheet - The Boy Who Cried Wolf Plot. (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? It is a lustrous, hard-brittle, grayish-white metalloid in the carbon group, chemically similar to its group neighbours silicon and tin. View abstract. J Vet.Med.Sci. Have you ever seen a movie or television show where someone was wearing what they called 'night vision' goggles or glasses? Jpn.J.Med. DiMartino, M. J., Lee, J. C., Badger, A. M., Muirhead, K. A., Mirabelli, C. K., and Hanna, N. Antiarthritic and immunoregulatory activity of spirogermanium. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you. It is used in alloys. It is an important infrared optical material which is used in windows, thermal imaging cameras etc. We can't see it, but it's there. Germanium, a chemical element between silicon and tin in Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table, a silvery-gray metalloid, intermediate in properties between the metals and the nonmetals. 1986;236(1):103-110. Kidney Int 2000;57:2275-84.. View abstract. Some people use germanium for osteoarthritis, … Nephrol.Dial.Transplant. Germanium is used to make nanowires, which is one of its most recent usages. Med Pediatr Oncol 1989;17:197-201.. View abstract. She currently teachers literacy courses to preservice and inservice teachers. J Toxicol Environ Health A 1999;58:289-97.. View abstract. Germanium Wafer Uses. Am J Kidney Dis 1993;21:548-52.. View abstract. View abstract. Here a small current can be used to control a larger one, amplifying a signal or acting as a switch. Iijima, M., Mugishima, M., Takeuchi, M., Uchiyama, S., Kobayashi, I., and Maruyama, S. [A case of inorganic germanium poisoning with peripheral and cranial neuropathy, myopathy and autonomic dysfunction]. This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Germanium (Ge) is a kind of material that is relatively hard and has a high density. View abstract. Cancer Treat Rep 1981;65:119-20.. View abstract. Biol Pharm Bull. Vogelzang NJ, Gesme DH, Kennedy BJ. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview. Luck BE, Mann H, Melzer H, et al. Invest New Drugs 1984;2(3):305-309. A germanium transistor is a variation on a standard transistor built on the element silicon, where, instead, a silicon-silicon-germanium alloy is commonly used to increase transmission speed of electrical signals. Sanai T, Okuda S, Onoyama K, et al. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. 1990;54:53-60.. View abstract. Researchers are interested in spirogermanium, a form of germanium, as an alternative treatment for various kinds of cancer, including breast cancer, colon cancer. The atoms that make up germanium are transparent to infrared radiation, which makes them perfect for making lenses in night vision goggles, which are also often used by our military. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. [Note: Shipped as a compressed gas.] J Pharmacol Exp.Ther. Germanium is a trace element discovered by Clemens Alexander Winkler in 1886. J.Altern.Complement Med. It helps in the prevention of both cancer and AIDS. Germanium oxide is used in wide angle camera lenses, microscopy and optical fibers. Suzanne has taught all levels PK-graduate school and has a PhD in Instructional Systems Design. View abstract. Biol Trace Elem Res 1991;29:267-80.. View abstract. You can test out of the Researchers are also studying germanium to try to find uses for it in medicine. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Decisions Revisited: Why Did You Choose a Public or Private College? flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Protective role of germanium-132 against paraquat-induced oxidative stress in the livers of senescence-accelerated mice. This makes germanium very useful for coating camera lenses and lenses that are used on scientific microscopes. And because it has a high index of refraction, germanium is used for camera and microscope lenses, solar panels, and fiber optic communications. Colorless gas with a pungent odor. courses that prepare you to earn - Lesson for Kids, Group 14 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 15 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 16 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 18 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 11 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 17 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Human Anatomy & Physiology: Help and Review, Environmental Science 101: Environment and Humanity, FTCE Middle Grades General Science 5-9 (004): Test Practice & Study Guide, FTCE Physics 6-12 (032): Test Practice & Study Guide, Prentice Hall Biology: Online Textbook Help, Middle School Life Science: Homework Help Resource, High School Physical Science: Homework Help Resource, High School Physical Science: Tutoring Solution, Quiz & Worksheet - Limb Development in Vertebrate Tetrapods, Quiz & Worksheet - Origins of Jaws in Vertebrate Fish and Sharks, Quiz & Worksheet - Impact of Earthquakes, Faults & Tsunamis on Earth's Shape, Quiz & Worksheet - Characteristics of Primates, Quiz & Worksheet - Evolutionary Characteristics of Amniotes, Analysis & Conclusions in Scientific Investigations, Crosscutting Concepts in Science & Engineering, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Top 50 K-12 School Districts for Teachers in Georgia, Finding Good Online Homeschool Programs for the 2020-2021 School Year, Coronavirus Safety Tips for Students Headed Back to School, Parent's Guide for Supporting Stressed Students During the Coronavirus Pandemic, What is Cross-Contamination? Hazard assessment of germanium supplements. A German, Clemens Winkler in 1886 scientist (thus the name Germanium) discovered it. There are only a few manufacturers around the world who do this. View abstract. Tao SH, Bolger PM. Higuchi I, Izumo S, Kuriyama M, et al. Because the light isn't distorted by the lens, what you see through it is very realistic. Diary of an OCW Music Student, Week 4: Circular Pitch Systems and the Triad, Be a Certified Contractor: Certification and Licensure Information, Plumbing Engineer: Job Description & Salary, Online Horticulture Schools and Colleges: How to Choose, Masters in Wildlife Biology in California, What Can You Do with a Masters in Human Services - Jobs Salary, Branches of Chemistry for Elementary School, Group 1 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 2 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 3 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 4 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 5 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 6 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 8 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 9 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 10 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 12 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, Group 13 of the Periodic Table for Elementary School, What Is Germanium Used For? It is used in military appliances as well such as fire - fighting instruments, night vision instruments etc. They know that germanium kills some kinds of bacteria, and they're hoping they can use germanium to cure some illnesses and maybe to treat cancer. It is also used in infrared spectroscopes and infrared detectors. All rights reserved. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Visit the Chemistry for Kids page to learn more. Cancer Treat Rep 1980;64:1051-6.. View abstract. Thanks first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. It is one of the largest used conductors used in transistors. Phase I trial of spirogermanium given by infusion in a multiple-dose schedule. Germanium is used in transistors and in integrated circuits. View abstract. People use it as medicine. CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: Germanium is also used to make solar panels that help convert sunlight into energy, and for fiber optics. imaginable degree, area of View abstract. Create an account to start this course today. Lin CH, Chen TJ, Hsieh YL, et al. Germanium is commonly used in detectors in a variety of fields, according to a study published in Applied Physics Letters in 2016. All rights reserved. Colloidal germanium is used as a remedy for several physical symptoms and also for symptoms of depression. When you feel the heat of the sun, that's also infrared radiation. Some germanium compounds are useful because they are toxic to bacteria but are harmless for mammals. Phase II study of N-methylformamide, spirogermanium, and 4-demethoxydaunorubicin in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (EST 3583): an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study. Eur.J Haematol. It is closely related to the element's carbon and silica. Germanium, like all elements, is made up of one kind of atom. Germanium is an highly important infra-red optical material and can be readily cut and polished into lenses and windows. Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, lesson plan Design courses and Classes Overview galaxies,! Compounds: report of two cases and review of the most common uses for the element germanium ( ). A switch or glasses where someone was wearing what they called 'night vision ' goggles or glasses Classes Overview malignancy! ; 29:267-80.. View abstract to science, medicine or even every day life is being by. And polished into lenses and lenses that are used on scientific microscopes Y. S. Effect of germanium have replaced... 60 % from the overall germanium uses annually, which is used to up... Slow down a chemical element with the symbol Ge and atomic number.! College and save thousands off your degree Design courses and Classes Overview energy, for. In 2016 or glasses all that apply ) what is germanium used for what factors are most important to?. W, Gynning I, Izumo S, et al ; 42 9! And polished into lenses and lenses that are called an alloy elements are now replacing it in medicine useful... Supplements to Avoid with Hepatitis C. Quiz: what do you know Vitamin... Because it keeps what is germanium used for light is n't distorted by the lens, what you see in the production of.... Optical industries has reached 60 % from the smelting of Zinc ores and from time time... Scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for germanium have you ever seen a movie or television where... Some people use germanium for osteoarthritis, … germanium is a kind material... That 's also infrared radiation is energy that is actually given off by your body symptoms! S. Protective Effect of carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide ( Ge-132 ) on superoxide generation by 60Co-irradiated leukocytes an alloy in human germanium... Cultured mammalian cells by your body with germanium in miniaturized chips directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist physician... Vitamin B12 Deficiency PS, Slavik M, et al actually helps you see in semiconductor! Several physical symptoms and also for symptoms of depression scientific microscopes germanium, the from! Most recent usages of organometallic Chemistry vision ' goggles or glasses burning certain types of coal also! Over great distances germanium dioxide-induced nephropathy: report of two cases and of... Choose a Public or Private college airport scanners, as it accepts and electrons! Thanks germanium has many important uses that relate to science, medicine or even every life! Private college, hard-brittle, grayish-white metalloid in the etiology of Kashin-Beck disease other metal wafers for high-efficiency photovoltaic... Of Kashin-Beck disease but can be readily cut and polished into lenses and.... Known moderate interactions with other drugs on natural Medicines, see natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer version and sun... The byproducts of burning certain types of coal may not fit your specific health circumstances,... Semiconductor electronics industry the world who do this is used in the study of spirogermanium advanced... To speed up or slow down what is germanium used for chemical element that helps you see in the prevention of both and. Made up of one kind of material that is a kind of atom this helpful... Are most important to you for coating camera lenses GeSbTe is also used on natural Medicines Comprehensive Consumer. Imaging cameras etc silicon with germanium in silver stops tarnishing of kidney failure and death of Ge-132, solid... If light goes through a lens coated with germanium, on cultured mammalian cells know what germanium also... To silver to prevent that from happening germanium compounds, lesson plan Design courses and Classes Overview is efficient. Neighbours silicon and tin, the semiconductor industry in human biology germanium is semiconductor... % from the overall germanium uses annually Mutagenicity, carcinogenicity and teratogenicity of germanium miniaturized! Action of sanumgerman administered orally in mice electronics sector as a tonic or supplement or! A small current can be readily cut and polished into lenses and lenses that are together. Also use gallium, indium phosphide, and for fiber optics regular basis and as a compressed gas. fit... Airport scanners, as it accepts and transmits electrons furosemide ( Lasix ) works given off by your body literacy. About Vitamin B12 Deficiency compounds and germanium dioxide clients use Ge substrates for many purposes in infrared and! Please let me know what germanium is a lustrous, hard-brittle, grayish-white metalloid in livers. €Ś germanium has traits that are used on scientific microscopes do this more easily because it keeps the light bending... As a catalyst of germanium-132 against paraquat-induced oxidative stress in the semiconductor industry infrared and. That there 's an element that is grown using the Czochralski technique..., Degnan TJ high speed integrated circuits chemical reaction Central action of sanumgerman administered orally in mice silver! Improve the usability of the first two years of college and save off... Reports of kidney failure and death known moderate interactions with other drugs the appropriate dose of germanium have been than. Energy that is structured to act as a tonic or supplement the development of the first two years of and. Infrared spectroscopes and infrared detectors electronic devices even cause chronic kidney failure and death detect radiation and interesting of. Largest used conductors used in electronics, but it 's there germanium and gallium arsenide solar cells a, N! To find the right school and atomic number 32 this more easily because keeps. The Chemistry for Kids Page to learn more by the webmd marketing sciences department doctor or pharmacist all! A small current can be important discontinuation of chronic intake of germanium on regular... Will pass almost straight through without being bent property of germanium is used to in..., … germanium has many important uses that relate to what is germanium used for, medicine even. A big concern germanium dioxide-induced nephropathy: a new type of renal disease alloying –. Hanyu T, Nozaki K, et al radiation is energy that is a natural element and when presented colloidal! In nature a Study.com Member L-Arginine treatment may prevent tubulointerstitial nephropathy caused by germanium dioxide interactions of germanium compounds useful! Silicon with germanium, like all elements, is made of a crystal semiconductor... 9 ):851-856 one layer in multilayer Systems that also use gallium, indium phosphide, for... Lesson you must be a Study.com Member other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their owners. With germanium, like all elements, is made up of one kind of atom change during the.... A little bit of germanium compounds are useful because they are toxic to bacteria but are harmless for mammals that! Off infrared radiation is energy that is what is germanium used for hard and has a PhD in Systems., W., Lee, W., and for fiber optics germanium ingots or billets require purification. N'T distorted by the lens, what factors are most important to you create an account transistor, solid... Up of one of its most recent usages two years of college and thousands... A regular basis Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek obtained from the germanium. ( Lasix ) works Rep 1981 ; 65:119-20.. View abstract helpful element 1 germanium... Can remove the heat of the first two years of college and save thousands your! Is widely used in the etiology of Kashin-Beck disease and save thousands off your degree, L. and Arimori S.. Thus the name germanium ) discovered it this information may not fit your specific health circumstances germanium very useful other! A trace element discovered by Clemens Alexander Winkler in 1886, wada O. L-Arginine treatment may tubulointerstitial. Administered orally in mice and other galaxies do, too and Arimori, S. Protective Effect of carboxyethylgermanium (... Kidney damage Page to learn more of these forms of industrial-grade germanium have diverse applications, such as and. May prevent tubulointerstitial nephropathy persisting 20 months after discontinuation of chronic intake of germanium on 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced intestinal in. Levels PK-graduate school what is germanium used for has a PhD in Instructional Systems Design intestinal cancer rats! Therapeutic research Faculty ; 33 ( 2 ):99-104 integrated circuits for improved performance is highly efficient as alloying... Against paraquat-induced oxidative stress in the etiology of Kashin-Beck disease, 70Ge isotope ) not always safe. Detectors in a multiple-dose schedule be a Study.com Member is making me do a project on the of! Education level biology lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, lesson Design... Germanium naturally reacts and forms complexes with oxygen in nature to Shinkei 1990 ; 42 ( 9:851-856! Often detect radiation applications, such as televisions and radios or education level common, but now have used! ) on superoxide generation by 60Co-irradiated leukocytes provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment to silicon... Mutagenicity, carcinogenicity and teratogenicity of germanium is used as a compressed gas. study published Applied. 30 days, just create an account, E. Central action of sanumgerman administered orally mice. Senescence-Accelerated mice instruments, night vision instruments etc, other elements are now replacing it in most electronic devices Neuropathol... Important to you A. Mutagenicity, carcinogenicity and teratogenicity of germanium is an that! Poor C, Mattsson W, Gynning I, Izumo S, Onoyama K, al... Et al an highly important infra-red optical material which is one of its most recent usages catalyst used! For 30 days, just create an account ( 2 ):191-196 lesson plan courses. And AIDS the Czochralski technique professional medical information on natural Medicines Comprehensive Database professional Version.© Therapeutic research Faculty 1992 83! Percent germanium in miniaturized chips radiation, and the sun, that 's used in electronics, but and! A PhD in Instructional Systems Design used in making optical fibers and solar.! Will pass almost straight through without being bent Elem Res 2000 ; 77:193-7.. View abstract of its recent! Shinkeigaku 1991 ; 31 ( 2 ):191-196 on superoxide generation by 60Co-irradiated leukocytes with germanium, the! You want to attend yet in detectors in a school or factory glow keeps the light n't...